The need to be special in HEMA

There is a richness in European source you can’t find anywhere else. “HEMA” encompasses an enormous amount of different weapons and disciplines, spanning over 5-6 centuries, depending on how you count it.

The Wiktenauer “Weapons” page, which doesn’t really give a full idea of the scope of HEMA – it doesn’t include wrestling, pugilism, nor the different varieties of staff/pole/peasant weapons.

Yet only a few of them are at the forefront of HEMA – longsword, rapier, saber, side sword, sword and buckler, messer, wrestling, smallsword. All the others seem to be a rare occurrence, something practised by study groups within a club, rather than being the centre of attention.

Unless you go to a big event with lots of seminars – for some reason, there are always a few weird classes, focused on flail, scythe, messer and dagger and something else equally weird and rare.

Now, sometimes these are experienced practitioners who have a solid foundation in a variety of weapons and introduce something curious to show people exactly how big it is.

But sometimes it is not. Sometimes it is people who pull out the “unique” and “special” for purely marketing reasons.

Then a group gets enamoured with the idea of being special and they start “studying” the romantic rapier and cape, much before they have a serious curriculum and structure on how to study single rapier.

The brutal combo of sword and grass was especially useful against lions.

I have been hesitant to criticise these practices, as they are in part a symptom of one of the main drives in HEMA – curiosity.

But more often than not, they are also a symptom of wanting to be special.

In the same category you have people who have just started longsword, but due to some childhood fascination, they are transfixed on the Scottish claymore (the two-handed early greatsword, not the basket one). Or they are wondering why there are no “manuals” to show them the special techniques of the mace and the warhammer.

I’ll tell you a secret – there are no such treatises because there was a multitude of “different” weapons in Europe in the span of those 6-7 centuries that were really functionally not that different.

A mace is just a stick with some weight on one end. A scythe is just a polearm with a crappy blade in a weird orientation. A sickle is just a really, really bent knife.

This is how I wanna be special – horsebackdrinking is definitely unheard of.

The fundamentals of the Liechtenauer tradition, for examples, are presented through one weapon alone – the longsword. Everything else – be it sword and buckler (in Talhoffer, Kal and Liegnitzer), messer (in Leckkuchner, Talhoffer, Pauernfeindt, etc.) or anything else is just an addition. The base is in longsword, all the other weapons are little side buildings. A capable fencer who has learned longsword properly for some time should handle any weapon competently.

And if he knows his messer and arming sword, he will easily use maces, warhammers, sticks and whatever else one-handed weapon there is. Remember Meyer and his dussack, which is the basis for learning all one-handed weapons, including the vastly different rappier?

Or let us look at Fiore, where one move is shown with longsword in one hand, in two, with dagger, without a weapon? The “techniques” he shows with “unique” weapons such as the baton or a thick branch are not really different from others we see with the more fundamental weapons. Hell, even some of his spear-on-horse techniques are practically the same as with longsword.

MS Ludwig XV 13 08v-d.jpg
I am telling ya, if the guy on left had a rondel dagger with a triangular cross-sectioned blade, that parry would be totally different!”

There is nothing wrong with being curious and exploring the vastness of HEMA. But without a proper foundation, you will be building towers toppling on each other at the slightest breeze.

And what makes HEMA practitioners and instructors really unique is not that one scythe class they do twice a year, but their approach to training, their curriculum and understanding, the different drills they have tested and perfected through years of practising and training.

HEMA is not the weapons, but how you use the weapons. If you want to be known and remembered, make that special.

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